Vol 1 No 3 Fall/Winter 2000

KURI Journal Helps for Readers:

Annotated Bibliography for

Gaza, Israel, Jordan and the West Bank

Readers who are new to Dom studies will find here a brief guide to some of the English language literature that has been published. Material is drawn from scholarly journals, popular magazines, and newspapers. The descriptions are content oriented as opposed to critical reviews.

Al-Awar, Nada and Morshed Dandash. "They come in their big cars and make promises they never keep." The Beirut Daily Star, June 13, 1998.
  A newspaper report detailing the plight of one Gypsy family in Lebanon. The article emphasizes their social and political estrangement. Click on the title of the article to get the full text.
   
Gabai, Shafi. "Very Strange Gypsies." Davar HaShavua (1983). Translated by David and
Jose Patterson.
  A newspaper report of the Gypsy community in the old city of Jerusalem and its attempts at social and cultural change. The community's history prior to 1983 is also presented. Click on the title of the article to get the full text.
   
Hannouche, Julie. "Schooling the Chiclet Children." The Beirut Daily Star August 19, 1999.
  A newspaper account of humanitarian efforts (primarily literacy training) among the Dom children of Beirut, Lebanon. The article will help the reader understand the attitudes toward education that are maintained by the Gypsies. Click on the title of the article to get the full text.
   
Macalister, R. A. S. "A Grammar and Vocabulary of the Language of the Nawar or Zutt, the Nomad Smiths of Palestine." Journal of the Gypsy Lore Society Vol. 3: 120-126, 298-317; Vol. 5: 289-305; Vol. 6, Number 3: 161-240.
  These articles will be of interest to those readers who want a linguistic analysis of Domari. The articles are an expansion and correction of the author's 1908 article "The Grammatical Structure of the Nuri Language," in The Quarterly Statement of the Palestine Exploration Fund. This linguistic study took place in the Gypsy community living near the Damascus Gate of the old city of Jerusalem. In the first part of the series of articles Macalister dealt with the symbols he used to record the material. He also provided a pronunciation guide. In the same issue of the JGLS he set forth his understanding of the Domari article, the substantives, adjectives, numerals, pronouns, and a brief word about verbs. The second part in the series is an examination of the verb system. The final part is devoted to vocabulary, including a list of 1,341 words and meanings.
   
Matras, Yaron. "The State of Present-Day Domari in Jerusalem." Mediterranean Language Review 11 (1999): 1-58.
  This is the most important linguistic work on Domari (particularly in Jerusalem) since R. A. S. Macalister's work at the beginning of the twentieth century. Anyone who plans to do Domari language study should become familiar with this material. After providing some background for the Domari language in general and the Jerusalem community in which the study was done, Matras presented discussions of the Domari sound system, noun phrase morphology, verb morphology, complex clauses, the Arabic component, linguistic stratification, and finally a discussion of the relationship between Domari and Romani. The linguistic terminology employed by the author may place the material outside the purview of a general readership.
   
Matras, Yaron. "Two Domari legends about the origin of the Doms." Romani Studies
Series 5, Vol. 10, Number 1 (June 2000): 49-75.
  Matras begins with a brief paragraph on the background of the word "Dom" and a description of the Dom community in Jerusalem. He follows this with background on the language of the Dom and a historical outline of major attempts to record it. After the background material is a presentation of two legends regarding the origin of the Dom people and a brief analysis of the development of the narratives from "Casimir's (1987) universal model of the expression of the relationship between transgression of norms and values, guilt, and punishment in peripatetic origin legends" (p. 55). The two legends are: a feud between two clans during the period of the Islamic conquests and the entertainers from India during the reign of the Persian king Bahram Gur. After an explanation of the linguistic glosses that are used, Matras presents the legends line-by-line with an interlinear analytical guide and English translation. The explanation of the glosses is somewhat technical and one would be advised to read first Matras' article "The state of present-day Domari in Jerusalem."
   
Moawwad, Kamel. "The Linguistic Situation of Gypsies and Turkmans as Ethnic Minorities Living in Jordan: A Sociolinguistic Perspective". Master of Arts (Linguistics) Thesis, Yarmouk University, January 1999.
  Mr. Kamel summarized his findings with regard to the Gypsies, "As for the Gypsies, the study indicates that they maintain negative attitudes towards their language. They think that their language is not more than a bad marker and they are stigmatized by non-Gypsies because of it." He went on to state, "the study also indicates that the travelling way of life contributes positively to language maintenance."
   
Philliips, D. J. "An Encounter with the Dom of Jordan." Kuri (on-line Journal of the Dom Research Center) Vol. 1, Number 3, Fall/Winter 2000.
  A description of a recent visit with a Dom family in Jordan. The author shows the difficulties Dom face as their traditional occupations become obsolete. This is a non-technical article that will be appreciated by the general reader. Click on the title for the full text.
   
Rajab, Katani J. "Jottings on Gypsies in the Middle East: I. Turkish Gypsies in Bethany."
Journal of the Gypsy Lore Society
Series 3, Vol. 41, No. 3-4 (1962): 150-152.
  A description of a brief encounter with a small, nomadic Gypsy group in Bethany. At the time of the visit Bethany was within Jordanian borders. Fortune telling is the main focus of the account with some speculation about other occupations. The article provides a description of the group's appearance. This is a non-technical article that will be appreciated by the general reader.
   
Regensburger, Reinhold. "Gypsies in the Land of Israel." Journal of the Gypsy Lore Society Series 3, Vol. 37 (1958): 69-70.
  A translation from Hebrew of the 1947 description by Jacob Schimoni of the Gypsies in Israel. The article describes their faith, appearance, language, occupations and the attitude of non-Gypsies toward them. This is a non-technical article that will be appreciated by the general reader.
   
Sleem, Amoun. "Stories from a Dom (Gypsy) Woman - The Dom Community of Jerusalem." Kuri (on-line Journal of the Dom Research Center) Vol. 1, Number 2, Spring/Summer 2000.
  Some introductory comments by Ms Sleem regarding the Dom community in Israel. This is the first in a series of articles by a Dom individual. The goal of the series is to give readers the opportunity to hear directly from the Dom of the region. In the article Ms Sleem describes her community and some of the changes it has gone through. Click on the title of the article for the complete text.
   
Sleem, Amoun. "Stories from a Dom (Gypsy) Woman, Part 2 - Settlement in Jerusalem and the Surrounding Area." Kuri (on-line Journal of the Dom Research Center) Vol. 1, Number 3, Fall/Winter 2000.
  Ms Sleem relates stories she gathered from older members of the Jerusalem community. These stories recount the establishment of the community and the difficulties the Dom faced during the Six Day War. Click on the title for the complete text.
   
Wasserstein, Bernard. "Where are they now?" Jerusalem Post November 23, 1998.
  The majority of this news report is a recitation of R.A. Stewart Macalister's account of his interaction with the Gypsies of Jerusalem. Afterward the author up-dates the reader on the community mentioning the departure of some Gypsies during 1936-39, and the recognition of the community as a distinct ethnic group by the mayor of Jerusalem in 1967. The author presents a pessimistic view of their situation reporting that the community has basically been "swallowed up by the surrounding Arab society" and their individual identity lost. This same article appeared in the Jerusalem Post/Edition Francaise Internationale in December 1998. Click on the title of the article to get the full text.
   
Williams, G. A. "The Dom (Gypsies) of Lebanon." Kuri (on-line Journal of the Dom Research Center) Vol. 1, Number 2, Spring/Summer 2000.
  An update on the current situation of the Dom living in Lebanon (particularly in Beirut and the Bekaa Valley). Some of the topics included in the article are population estimates, attitudes of the Lebanese society toward the Dom, vocations, education and language. Click on the title of the article for the full text.
   
Winstedt, E. O. "Palestinian Gypsies." Journal of the Gypsy Lore Society Series 3, Vol. 31 (1952): 77-78.
  Winstedt noted some population statistics for 1931, but primarily focused on the Gypsy occupations. Receiving particular attention is the production of the horsehair, grain sieves. In this brief note Winstedt refers to the Gypsies by the Arabic term "Nawar."
   
Yates, D. E. "The 'Nuar' in Jordan." Journal of the Gypsy Lore Society 36 (1957): 145-147.
  A reprint of an extract from Major J. D. Lunt's article "In the Footsteps of Salome" in The Times. This is a 1953 description of an evening meal and entertainment in a Gypsy camp near the Dead Sea. The author recounts the events of the evening while simultaneously comparing the Gypsy lifestyle with the Bedouin. In his estimation the Gypsies are much more loathsome.

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